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Being successful at the university level will requires a careful and effective utilization of time. Students are typically scheduled for 15 or more hours of classroom work per week. Additionally, they are expected to average two to three hours of preparation for each hour in the classroom. This means that at least a 45-hour workweek is involved in being a full-time student. On top of that, many students have part-time jobs, family, and social responsibilities.
The job of being a university student can be carried out efficiently or inefficiently. The way we use our time (or waste it) is largely a matter of habit patterns. One of the best techniques for developing more efficient habits for the use of time is to prepare a time schedule. Studies have shown that people who have a well-designed schedule achieve a greater amount of success than those who don’t.
The most successful system for most students is to combine long and short-range planning. Doing so, a student can make a general schedule for an entire semester and then create a more specific plan for several days at a time.
Construct a schedule of your fixed commitments only, only those obligations that you are required to meet every week (job hours, classes, church, club meetings, etc.).
Now make a short list of major events and the amount of work to be accomplished in each class this week. This may include non-study activities. For example:
These events will change from week to week and it is important to make a new list for reach week. Sunday night may be the most convenient time to do this.
On a small note card each evening before retiring, or early in the morning, write out a specific, daily schedule. Write down specifically what is to be accomplished. Such a schedule might include:
Carry this card with you and cross out each item as you accomplish it. Writing down things in this manner not only forces you to plan your time, but also causes you to make a promise to yourself to do what you have written down.
The university expects a student to average about two hours in studying (including library work, term papers, themes, etc.) for each hour spent in the classroom. This is an appropriate and realistic guideline. A genuinely high-ability student may get by adequately with less. However, many students would do well to plan for somewhat more than the two-for-one ratio of hours studied to hours spent in the classroom.
As often as possible, students should schedule certain hours to be used for studying almost every day, creating a habitual system. Keeping regular studying hours at least five days a week will make it easier to habitually follow a schedule and to maintain an active approach to studying.
The hours between classes are perhaps a student's most valuable study time, yet, ironically, are the most frequently misused. Students may effectively utilize these hours by reviewing the material and editing the notes of the preceding class and/or studying the material to be discussed in the following class.
This should be done whenever possible. The next best procedure is to schedule the period for study immediately preceding each class. Students should specify the particular course they will study rather than just marking "study" on their schedule.
50 to 90 minutes of study at a time for each course works best. Relaxation periods of 10 or 15 minutes should be scheduled between study periods. It is more efficient to study hard for a definite period of time and then stop for a few minutes, than to attempt to study indefinitely.
At least one hour of review should be scheduled each week for each class (distinct from study time). The weekend is a good time for review.
This is important! Lack of flexibility is the major reason why schedules fail. Students tend to over-schedule themselves.
When planning a schedule, students should begin by listing the activities that come at fixed hours and cannot be changed. Classes and labs, meals, sleep, and part-time jobs are examples of areas that students typically cannot alter. Next, schedule flexible time commitments. These hours can be interchanged with other hours if schedules must be changed during the week. Recreational activities are planned last.
When forced to deviate from a planned schedule (and that will invariably occur), students should trade time rather than steal it from somewhere else on the schedule. For example, if an unexpected visitor comes by at a time that has been scheduled for studying, students can substitute an equal amount of study time for the period that was set aside for recreation.